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ҡԴ¶֧صԸҧǴ


Ԫ ʴ




Һҧ ͡õѴԹ㨺ҧҧ ;ٴ͡ҨѴ ͤ֡蹻ǹҧ֡ʧŧ

դѴ ç֧´ͧͧ˹Դ͸Ժ觹鹶١ͧ ͧСͧ˭ Ф "١ͧ" Ѻ "Դ" ͧҨ͹Ѻѹʹ

ѧӤѭѺ "١ͧ" ҡͧ ҧԧҡ¤ͤ١ͧ·ءͧ觷Դͺŧʧ㹡õѴԹͧҹҡ

ѧաþٴ "ӹҨöз" "ӹҨ" 觡觷ҧʧͺŧա ʶҹóʶҺѹҧԧͧѧǹͺŧ

͹Ҩ繪ͧҧ »¡ͧ "صԸҧ" (觷衮кصԸ) Ѻ "صԸԵ" ҷ ͧصԸҧǴ (environmental justice) ըشҧԧ价ǡҹ

ѧըشҧԧͧ ҷ ͧͧǤԴͧصԸ ͧͧѹ㹡áШǴѺ餹Ъ

㹷ҧѡԪ ҨͧصԸҧǴͧ͡Ẻ˭

˹觤 صԸҧǴ (environ mental justice)

ͧ صԸҧԷ (ecological justice)

͸Ժ§ صԸҧǴѡͧҵ㹰ҹ "Ǵ" ͧ 蹡 Ҩж§ѹҸҵ繷Ѿҡâͧ չҨСШҶ֧ѹҧ Էҡ˹ (Ǩ͸ԺӴѺ)



зصԸҧȹԷҹͧҵ㹰ҹ "к" Фٹҧͧͧͧ ҵ繢ͧͧ͢ ǹ˹觢ͧҵ ǹ˹觢ͧкҧ Ҩ¡ͧصԸѺʹ

ҧá ;ٴ֧صԸҧǴ ѡ价صԸҧǴẺáҡҤصԸҧԷ

ͧ͡ЫѺ͹ա · صԸҧǴѡͧ趡§ѹҤС鹨Ҷ֧ѾҡǴҧҤѹҧ ص԰ҹŹ繷㹡õѴԹ;Ծҷҧ ҧعѺ ҧաѺǢ ҧͧѺ

ǧ ҡóշǺҹءҷǧصԸѺŷ件ͤͧѾҡͧչҡ ¡óšҨա÷Ѱͷع觪ԧѾҡèҡЪҪ 䡷繼¡óվԾҷǹ˹觢ͧѴͧҨչҡ



ա˹觷͹ӤѭͧͧصԸҧǴ صԸҧǴͧͧǤԴ繷㨵çѹء ǡաù任Ѻ㹡õѴԹóվԾҷ

Ѻ͹ͧͧصԸҧǴͧӤѭͧͧ ͧá ͢Ͷ§ͧͧǤԴͧصԸͧ ǹӤѭ㹡÷ӤͧͧصԸҧǴ ǤԴͧصԸͧաõդѹҡ оѲҡ㹡ӨӡѴҧҧͺ ҡ仡ͧͧԴ 觷衮͹حҵ



ͧͧ ͧѺ͹ͧصԸҧǴ鹡ͧ ӨӡѴͧصԸҧǴͧͧõͧѹҧǹ͹ǷҧѧѺóբͧ Ǥ ӨӡѴͧصԸҧǴͧµǷШŧ ҵ¹鹾鹷繢ͧǩѹԷԷз

駹 ҤصԸҧǴѹ§ѺüѡѹǤԴ Ǣͧ ͧͧЪҸԻ ͧͧǹͧЪҪ ͧͧԷԾͧ ͧͧԷª



͹ͧصԸҧǴ¤駹 աüѡѹͧͧԷԾͧǢͧ ҧ㹡óբͧѰԡҹ þͧصԸҧǴ¤ѡǾѹѺ¡Ң͡ çúҧçùὧѧ仴ͤԷҧͪҵЪҵԡԴ ҷ ùҾ鹷ӡѴͪͧ ҧ繵 ѧ鹡èҧ§Ҿ鹷繷ͧӹҨ㹡ҧ¡ͷʶһԷ㹡Ҷ֧ ١Ҵ СմѹǴͧ˹觡Ѻա˹ еͧӹ֧֧Ե Ѱ٭ ͡ Сͺѹ

ػǹ ӨӡѴͧͧصԸҧǴѡɳзµ ѡɳз (˴) 仵༪ԭ˹Сõͧѹͧ餹ѧСó ТѺӹҨͧнСó仴

չͧԨóͧͧǻͧصԸҧ 觻ͧصԸͧ㹻ŢͧԵʵҹ 㹷ɮաͧӤѭѺͧصԸҡ ੾㹢Ͷ§㹻Ѩغѹ



ͺԺһշҹҹ صԸԵԢͧɮաͧѡǹ¹Ѻͧͧö§ ҨСШ (distribution) Ѿҡͤس 觵ҧ ѧҧ ੾ͧͧ÷Ӥ "кǹ㹡" 觵ҧ ͷ׹ѹҡкǹùѹصԸ (ҷ ͧԹҡô ʶҹ˹ѧ͹ Ҩҧк÷Ѿҡҧн͡㹡Ѻôѧ)

ӴѺ աõ駤Ӷҡ ;ԨóͧصԸ ҨʹҧʶҺѹ͡кǹ÷繸㹡áШ͡˹Ҷ֧Ѿҡҹ Ҩеͧ֡Ҵ ͡ҡкǹ÷ҤԴ繸㹡èѴ÷Ѿҡ Ҩеͧ֡ҷҷ仢ͧкèѴ÷ѾҡẺ (繸) 㨡кǹ㹡áҧҧ׺ҹ÷ѾҡẺԴ繸

ԵԵҨҡǡ÷Ѿҡͧ ͧͧصԸ੾ФصԸҧǴеͧǾѹѺԵԢͧѺ (recognition) ͧ÷Ѿҡô Ǥ зҧнѺкǹ÷ѾҡẺ繸ҡ 蹹Ҩͷ༪ԭ˹ҡѹ зóҡ㹡кǹ´« ͧǾѹѺ繷Ƕ֧͹˹ҹ ԵԢͧѺͧصԸͤ繸ѹͧͧ仴Ҩ͡Ẻкǹ÷Ѿҡҧ ͧҷҹҹ鹶ͧҡкǹáùѹ繸 ͡кǹͺ֡ѹ繸ѹԴ ҡеͧӤ㨷ҷ仡͹ кǹôѧѹԴ (ҡ駤Ӷ繤͹ѵ)

ԵԷͨҡͧͧ ͧͧѺ͵˹ѡѹ֧кǹá ԵͧҴͧͧѡҾö/öҾͧ餹ЪоѲҵǵͧѡҾ٧ش (capability) ǤҷҾٴ֧صԸ 繸㹷ҧǴ ҡѧٴ֧ͧͧ͡Ҷ֧ѾҡǴ繸صԸ㹤· ѹԴ÷餹ͪҹ鹶١ʡѴѴҧѡҾͧ öǹӤѭз˹ҷ躧ѧ ҧ ͧҡ仡֧ͧͧѾҡ (Ǵ) ҷͧҡö١մѹ֧ѹʡѴ鹤㹡þѲѡҾͧ ͪҹ鹵Ҿͧѧҧ

ҷ ÷褹˹觨ԷԵѹ㹾鹷ҹ ѹЪ餹 ͡մѹ ͡ѡҾ㹡úض֧ǵͧ ͤ繪ͧ˹ҧ ҹͧͧͧСͺҨҡǹ

ԵԷԵش¢ͧصԸѡ§ѹաþٴ֧ͧͧصԸҧǴͧͧǹ㹤صԸ (participation) Ǥ͡èС˹ҡкǹ˹صԸѹͧͧ˵ؼŷ褹˹觨ԷҶ֧С˹ ѹͧеͧԴҧнǹ㹡õͧеѴԹѹҡش



ͧͧصԸҧǴҡǶ֧ѻҨо繻繷ҹҨҷҧͧͧ͡ѭǴ༪ԭҡ仡ҧԧͧͧ ѭҷ ͢ҧͧҳ ͡ɤ㴤˹ õѡ ¹ԵǢͧصԸФصԸҧǴ Тҧҧ·ҧµǢͧѹͧͧͧǴµç 繡ҧӹҨҢͧѾԹͷѾҡ ҡҤͧͧǴͧԷ Ф繸ͤصԸҧѧҧ仡ӹҨ㹡á˹ѾԹзѾҡ Скǹ㹡÷Ѿҡõҧ

ҹФѺ ¹ҷ͹ѹҤǹ˹觢ͧѭҹ鹨ҹ;Ӥҡ觷¡˹ѹ¡ҡ©ѺͧѺҹФѺ


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