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5 ŵ ѧ³ ҵͧԹ





з觴Եäѭһҷ "Ҫ" ͧعǧ³

Ҵ ѺФ "ؾѹ" 觴ѧ繻ҡó 觼ҳʶҹº˧¡Ѻ鹤׹Ե ªҷء¹ѵʵؤй³ѹ仴ѹ

˹ʶҹӤѭ "й³Ҫȹ" "êǡا" к 稾й³鹤ͧҪ 10 ֧ôҧҪѧ ͧž çѺ ..2209

¹͡ҡ繷зѺͧй³ͺʹ駻 ѧʴä Ҫѧ觹ա

ʹǹҹѪŢͧͧ Դ˵ءóҡ㹾й³Ҫȹ繨شԡѹҧѵʵ

ҧǹѧҡ繩ҡФ÷ǹз֡ е仹 5 شӤѭ㹾Ҫѧ觹ͧ仪繡ѺҾ٨ȹҼҹѡҹѹѡ

1.з觴Եä ҡѧ觡ا

ʸǹ˹觢ͧҡѹѧêǹҵ֧ҡФôѧ ҡ "عǧ³" ͡Ҫ ¢ҪԾ һҹ عҨ еФ ժԵŴ㹻ѵʵ͡ 300 ա͹

ҡѧ ͧ鹨ҡʶҹԧ з觴Եäѭһҷ 觶繾зѡͧҪѧ ҧ԰ Һٹ ѹ˹价ҧȵѹ͡

觾鹷 2 ǹ ǹá ͧ⶧׹ šҴ¼ѧЪͧẺ "ѧ" ͽ¡ "Pointed Arch"

աǹ˹觤 鹷ҹѧ 2 Өҡ ˺ѭ 繷зѺͧ稾й³͡Ҫ ǹԹҡö֧Ҿʹյʹèͧاظ

з觹ͧԴ˹ѡ˹ǧѹҹ ѧҡ ص ѡ֡һԭ͡ҤԪһѵʵŻ ҳ .Żҡ ͡Դ ⴹẺѹɰҹФ͡

(º) Ҿѹɰҹз觴Եäѭһҷ 繻͹ (Һ) ֡ѺͧҪٵ ҧẺûŻ (ҧ) й³äзط ѧѴ "١ҧҾ" (ҧ) Ѻѧѧ繻ȹ



ҫ觡ö§ΌФèԴس͹ ͹ŧ´´ ҵǺ͡ ѺõԴͨҡҹդӽҡɨҡس˹ͧ ⳪ ҳؾѹ ѺԴͺ¡ŧôԵ㹵͹ѹʺշж֧

§ҹ ѧйѴѧʧҹ 絨֧¡ҧλ

2.֡ѺͧҪٵ Դѹ "ѧ" ѺͧҹҹҪҵ

شӤѭѹǹ˹觢ͧͧѡҹõԴѹҧ÷ٵѺȷҧѹؤعǧ³ §ҧѺͧҪٵ

ҡʶһѵ¡ѧѧ֧ԷԾŻ 駻е˹ҵҧ Сáͪͧ԰ҧǵ

ѹŧ§ҡ԰ ѧҧͧԨԵúè ѧСͺ仴ªͧʧҺе٢Ҵ˭ йͺ з͹ҹŻҡҧҵԷźҪӹѡظҷͧҹҹҪҵѹ´¸ҡ

3.зط Ѻ͹ "ҧҾ" й³?

ҡҤ÷ŧ§ҹ԰ Թ дش ԧʶҹӤѭѹ˵ءóҧѵʵ

ͧ¾з觢Ҵͧ зѺǹͧͧ稾й³Ҫ ʴ稻зѺ㹪ǧѪ ҡ仴¤·ҧͧ зäҧ͹ 繡ûЪô¾ä ͷç١ҧҾɡѹ

繹 ѧ繷趡§ѹǴǧԪҡҧպػ ŷѴ駤 ͧçзѺ зطǺش

ͻлáͧ



©ҡФúؾѹ·ʹ͡ҧ͹ҹʴʹкʹҧعǧϡѺ "л" ա˹觼յǵ㹻ѵʵҴҨж١ "Ť͹" ¡Դ ѧͺͧاظ

ͧѺҨԹҡõѹ֡ͧ ǽʷӹѡظҫ觾óҶ֧з觷ç֡Ẻûͧҧ´ ͹˹

"ѧا¡ͧͺͧ·ͧͧʧѹ зͧաᾧͺ çй˭ 4 èعӺط 繷çʹҹ ͧ稾й³Ҫ 觤 йӷҧ͵ѺҨͧ觻µǪд͡觡ʹ չӾʨᨡùӷ 4 㹺dzз 稾й³Ҫç١ѹ͡¾ѵͧ ç˹Ҿз觻١ й оѹ㹻ҧ㺴˹ҷֺᴴ͹ѹ§"

4.٨Էҡش "ͻл" á

ա˹觤ѧҧǹ蹵֧㹾й³Ҫȹ Էҡ˹ԹҨФҴ֧ ҧի "ͻл" 繤áͧ

ʹѧǷӢ鹨ҡԹ ѡɳ繷͡çк͡ ˹һҳ 4 ૹ 鹼ҹٹҧ 26 ૹ з 48 ૹ

´ҹ˹ǹʹ硡աҹѹ繷 §ѹǨաµҧ ͻͧѹǴ»ٹԹ

ҡ֡ؤѧ 觹ӷ١㹾Ҫѧ Өҡ "Ūغ" "«Ѻ"

ӨҡŪغ Ҷ֧й³Ҫȹ¡õͷͼҹеٹӻҡŧѧ () 㹺dzǹѵ աõͷͨҡ觷 1 ѧ觷 2 ǧ¹ ǧ¹·㹻Ѩغѹ ҡ鹨֧աҧ͹ӵçͧž

ǹӨҡ«Ѻ 繹ӺطҴŧҨҡ͡ԹҧҡѺؤ ֧ͧ觷 2 ǧ

ҧ鹷ҧǷ͹ͧž ѧҧ (ͧ) к¤ѹ ͼ͹çѹĴٹҡ ԹѧѺӢͧʹԹ

͹Ӵѧǫ觨Ѵʴ㹾й³Ҫȹ ֧ѺԷҡشӷͧ繡Ѻ

5."Ѻѧ" 鹷ҧ˹վй³ԧ?

Դ´¤֡ѺҡӺ͡Ңͧ餹͡ ѹ ѧй³ź·عǧ鹷ҧ˹¡ͧ ͧҹѺ繷աͺѧҡ .Ҥ ժѪ ҨШçµѹ͡§֡ Żʵ .ʵ ԹҧǨµͧ

к 鹷з觴Եäѭһҷ հҹ԰觢ҧѺ˹觷֡ŧԹ ҡѹշҧԹѧžի¡ᾧѧҹѧ͡ з觹ѡҳջШӹѡŻҡ÷ 4 ž ͡ʴԧҨͧѺ᡹ʹһҷͧз

ҧá ѧբػѴ ѧաâش鹷ҧҳ Ѻҹ֧ѧ繻ȹҵ

5 شŵ件ҾҴ

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